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Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is a string that identifies a location on the internet. Most commonly, it is an address typed in by people who want to visit a particular website. URLs locate web pages and other resources, such as images or videos.
Website URLs usually have an encoding scheme called “encoding alphabet.” This consists of letters like A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, and K. The first character indicates the resource type (e.g., website or application), and the other characters state the specific parts of that resource.
How does URL work?
To visit a website, you need to enter its URL into your web browser.
The URL format consists of a domain name, followed by a path, which may include various subdirectories. For example, the URL might be something like “https://www.hello.com/dictionary/what-is-a-url.”
Types of URL
URLs can be classified into different types, such as absolute and relative URLs.
Absolute URLs is the full URL. It consists of the protocol (http or https), the optional subdomain (www), domain (hello.com), and path (/dictionary/what-is-a-url). An example of the absolute URL: https://www.hello.com/dictionary/what-is-a-url.
Relative URLs specify the location of a resource to another resource. Here URL only includes the path (/dictionary/what-is-a-url).
You can enter a relative URL into your web browser, which can automatically convert to an absolute URL.